The biggest progress regarding the future state community of Serbia and Montenegro, realized on the economic ground
The deadline for the harmonization of the two customs systems, of Serbia and Montenegro, has been brought down to a reasonable extent of three years – declared the Serbian Finance Minister, Mr. Bozidar Djelic, explaining why the latest Council of Ministers of the EU stated that the greatest progress regarding the future State community of Serbia and Montenegro was accomplished on the economic ground.
According to the Minister, the important step consists also in the establishment of a mechanism of the harmonization process application check-up – meaning that a process of resolving controversial matters that might appear in customs and other border procedures has been provided for. This means that within the Ministry of Internal Relations of the State community of Serbia and Montenegro, a Department for harmonized regulations applications should be established (formed from representatives of competent governmental bodies of the member states). Teams delegated by this special service, can interfere at any point along the Serbia-Montenegro borderline.
The mentioned progress is also confirmed by the creation of an Action plan on market harmonization, but it is still unclear whether it will be incorporated (as an annex) to the future Constitutional Chart – which would give it constitutional power. To the question on the matters regarding these agreements and the Action Plan itself, and their nonobligatory status – if not included in the Constitutional Chart – the Minister’s answer is negative.
– Since both Serbia and Montenegro wish to become candidates for the EU as soon as possible – and thus – both parties know very clearly, that coordination of markets is a precondition to the Agreement on Stabilization and rapprochement to the EU – I can be very confident in the application of all plans and agreements, declared Djelic.
If any regulation is not carried out in accordance with the harmonization process in any of the member states, the above-mentioned Ministry will notify the dysfunction to the Permanent Commission on the border matters controversies, which will be formed on the parity basis and which will be entrusted by the member states to resolve all border controversial matters in customs affairs as well as in the field of sanitary, veterinary and fitosanitary procedures. The Permanent Commission will make all decisions, and then transmit them to the competent governmental body of the concerned member state. If this governmental body does not comply with the decision taken, than the Court of the State Community of Serbia and Montenegro makes the final decision, which is compulsory for the harmonization of the regulations of the concerned member state. In this manner, according to Mr. Djelic, the real, and not only formal harmonization of the regulations mechanism has finally been established.